As one of our most viewed topics on social media, I thought we should go into depth on birth control pills here as well. There are many kinds to choose from. How do you choose which is right for you?
Let's start with the basics.
How Do Birth Control Pills Prevent Pregnancy?
Birth control pills contain synthetic hormones, either a combination of estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. These hormones work together to prevent pregnancy through several mechanisms:
- Inhibition of Ovulation: Birth control pills primarily suppress ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovaries. Without ovulation, there is no egg available for fertilization by sperm.
- Thickening of Cervical Mucus: The hormones in the pill make the cervical mucus thicker, creating a barrier that hinders sperm from reaching the egg in the uterus.
- Changes in Uterine Lining: Birth control pills can alter the uterine lining, making it less receptive to a fertilized egg, should fertilization occur.
It's crucial to take birth control pills consistently and as prescribed to maintain their effectiveness. Missing pills or taking them at irregular intervals can reduce their ability to prevent pregnancy.
Types of Birth Control Pills in the United States
There are several types of birth control pills available in the United States. They can be broadly categorized into two main groups: combination pills (estrogen and progestin) and progestin-only pills. Most people take one of these type of combination pills
- Monophasic Pills: These have a constant dose of hormones in each active pill throughout the cycle.
- Multiphasic Pills: These pills have varying hormone levels throughout the menstrual cycle to mimic a more natural hormonal pattern.
It's important to consult with a Nile doctor, midwife or nurse practitioner in Roswell, GA to determine which type of birth control pill is best suited to your individual needs and health considerations.
Effectiveness and Considerations
Birth control pills are highly effective when used correctly, with a typical use failure rate of about 7%. However, they do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so you should still use condoms in addition to birth control pills if you are not in a monogamous relationship.
Keep in mind that birth control pills require a prescription in the United States. There are so many options when it comes to which pill to take. Your Nile provider will consider factors such as your medical history, lifestyle, and preferences when recommending a specific type of pill. Contact us in Johns Creek, GA to determine which one could be right for you.